Guide to Evaluation Products

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Evaluation Product Type:
Combination Models

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This type of evaluation
  • Is used to measure a variety of teacher and student outcomes. These may include a suite of measures of student or teacher performance. Such combination assessments include the following:

    • Traditional state test data
    • Benchmarked assessment systems
    • Standards-based grade books
    • Rubrics for evaluating students on work products or tasks
    • Self-assessments
    • Expert evaluations, observations, teacher goal-setting rubrics, portfolios, videos, uses of assessment, other items that are used to evaluate student or teacher performance

Strengths of This Evaluation Type

This type of evaluation
  • Aims to address the complexities of teaching by examining teaching from multiple perspectives and through multiple formats. (Because all evaluations within this type differ dramatically, strengths and benefits vary.)
  • Provides rich information about classroom behaviors and activities in some cases.
  • In many cases, offers both formative and summative data for teachers and evaluators.
  • In many cases, is supported by stakeholders because it acknowledges the complexity of teaching and does not rely heavily on one measure.
  • Can be used with teachers in most grades and subjects.

Cautions on This Evaluation Type

  • Careful attention must be paid to choosing or creating a valid and reliable protocol and training and calibrating raters.
  • Classroom observation is expensive. Intensive training and calibrating of observers contributes heavily to the expense but is necessary for validity.
  • This method assesses observable classroom behaviors but is not as useful for assessing beliefs, feelings, intentions, or out-of-classroom activities.

Evaluation Products

Legend: Combination Models